Which skills (key competencies) should my child have in the 21st century?

According to the European Parliament (2006/962 / EC), all the students who complete compulsory education should have developed:


Basic skills

  • Communication in the mother tongue and in foreign languages
  • Mathematical thinking for problem solving in everyday situations
  • Observation and explanation of the natural world


Horizontal skills

  • Digital search / processing / communication technology information
  • Planning and monitoring learning, both individually and in groups (metacognition)
  • Interpersonal and intercultural participation in social life and conflict resolution
  • Initiative taking and turning ideas into entrepreneurship through creativity, innovation and risk management
  • Creative expression of ideas, experiences and emotions in a range of media and the visual arts.


The key competences are all considered equally important, because each of them can contribute to a successful life in a knowledge society.